Animal Welfare Models and Ideas
Animal Welfare or welfare of any kind is typically an emotional topic.
There are many ways to discuss animal welfare, from the emotional outburst of a person defending the rights of an abused cat, to the analytical conferences held to measure scientific studies. Sadly there is no single answer on how best to measure an animal's welfare. The good news is, we are getting better at raising moral, ethical and thought provoking issues to help people better evaluate welfare concerns.
Historically, the creation of animal welfare laws have coincided
with the creation of human welfare laws.
In1965,The British Government reviewed the welfare of farm animals in
intensive husbandry systems and this initiated The 5 Freedoms.
The earliest known record of these is December 1979
2. Freedom from discomfort
3. Freedom from pain, injury or disease
4. Freedom to express normal behaviour
5. Freedom from fear and distress
Nearly 30 years later a higher standard is adopted
The upgrade takes the expectation off the animals to adapt to whatever they are or are not provided and places the responsibility on the human controllers.
The Animal Welfare Act 2006-England and Wales
The animals need .....
1. for a suitable environment (place to live)
2. for a suitable diet
3. to exhibit normal behaviour patterns
4. to be housed with or apart from other animals (as applicable)
5. to be protected from pain injury suffering and disease
"The act of assigning different values or rights on the basis of their biological species rather than according to the characteristics they possess, such as the ability to suffer." (Pullen and Gray 2006)
Click here to read the an essay that was written as a final exam piece for the Royal Veterinary College and Hong Kong Polytechnic University Vet Nursing module. The aim is to examine and discuss the illnesses of puppies that come from pet shop puppies in Hong Kong although it is an international issue.
Volunteer Foster Network
Being a foster parent to a needy animal is a wonderful way to do charitable work and get some instant gratification in return! Whether it is a newborn kitten or a dog who has been brutalized, your help is greatly needed and appreciated. Please fill out a Volunteer Foster application to be contacted when one of our needy animals can use your help.
Thank you for your support and for helping those who can't speak for themselves!